Coronavirus: Symptoms, Transmission and Prevention

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Coronavirus

Coronavirus is a newly identified virus, also known as SARS-CoV-2. So far, 98,436 people have been affected through the virus worldwide and the death toll has increased to 3,387 worldwide. There have been 34 registered cases of Coronavirus that affected people in India as well and the government has issued an emergency within the country. Even after the virus spread, primary schools in the National Capital Region of Delhi are closed till 31 March 2020.

Coronavirus

Coronavirus is the type of virus that affects the respiratory tract of birds and mammals including humans. Doctors have associated him with the common cold, bronchitis, pneumonia, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and they can also affect the bowels of the mammals.

These viruses are usually responsible for a more common cold than serious diseases. However, coronaviruses are also behind some of the more severe outbreaks in the world. In many cases, affected people show no symptoms and are difficult to distinguish which makes it tough to isolate them from the contact of other healthy people.

Symptoms

The symptoms usually like cold or flu which occur 2–4 days after coronavirus infection and are usually mild. But the symptoms vary from person to person, and some forms of the virus can be fatal and lead to death.

Symptoms include:

  • Sneeze
  • Running nose
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Fever in rare cases
  • Sore throat
  • Asthma

It is difficult to understand the effect of the virus on national economies and public health as scientists cannot easily cultivate human coronaviruses in the laboratory.

There is no treatment for individuals affected by the virus, so preventive measures including self-care and over-the-counter (OTC) medication becomes mandatory. People can take the following measure to prevent themselves from getting affected:

  • Relax and avoid exaggeration
  • Drink enough water
  • Avoid smoking and smoke areas
  • Taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen for pain and fever
  • Using a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer

The virus can be diagnosed by taking respiratory fluid, such as mucus from the nose, or a sample of blood.

Coronavirus

Transmission

There are only limited researches available on how HCoV is transmitted from person to person. Researchers believe that viruses are transmitted through fluids in the respiratory system, such as mucus. Coronavirus can be transmitted in the following ways:

  • Coughing and sneezing without covering the mouth.
  • Shaking or shaking the person with the virus.
  • Touching the nose, eye, or mouth after making contact with the surface or object that contains the virus.
  • Some animal coronaviruses, such as feline coronavirus (FCoV), can also be spread through contact with feces. It is not clear whether this also applies to human coronaviruses.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggests that COVID-19 has the highest risk of developing complications in these groups of people:

  • Small children
  • 65 years of age or older
  • Pregnant women

People should stay at home and rest when symptoms are active in order to prevent transmission. They should avoid close contact with other people. Covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or handkerchief while coughing or sneezing also helps prevent transmission. Disposal of any tissue after use and maintenance of basic hygiene around yourself and the house is important.

Prevention

Practice everyday prevention to avoid the coronavirus. As you touch people, surfaces, and objects throughout the day, you accumulate germs on your hands which can infect you by touching your eyes, nose or mouth yourself. To protect yourself, wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds and if soap and water are not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.

Although there is no vaccine or medication available to prevent infection with the new coronavirus, you can take steps to reduce your risks of infection. The WHO and CDC recommend the following standard precautions to avoid the viruses:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water, or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
  • When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or tissue.
  • If your hands are not clean then avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with anyone who is ill.
  • If you are ill, avoid sharing dishes, glasses, bedding and other household items.
  • Clean and disinfecting surfaces you often touch.
  • If you are ill, stay home from work, school, and public areas.

The CDC recommends wearing a mask only if a health care provider asks you to do so otherwise there is no need for healthy people to wear facemasks to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19.  if a health care provider asks you to do so.

WHO recommends you avoid eating raw or undercooked meat or animal parts. Avoid exposure to live animals and surfaces if you have recently been visiting live markets in areas with new coronavirus cases.

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