On July 29, the cabinet gave its nod to the Education National Policy. Moreover, the HRD has been renamed as the Ministry of Education.
“The education policy has been changed after 34 years and this is a historic moment,” said Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Prakash Javadekar.
The changed system will provide flexibility to students in choosing the subjects as well as in the entry and exit in college degree programmes.
If any student wants only a certificate then he/she can exit a degree programme from the first year onwards. After the completion of two years, a diploma will be awarded and after the completion of 3 or 4 years, the degree will be awarded.
Till the 5th grade, the use of the mother tongue will be focussed on.
The entire academic curriculum will allow the transfer of credits between subjects and disciplines.
Further, the M.Phil programme will be discontinued. Students can also do a four-year degree programme, one-year Masters and then directly go to the doctoral programme.
Instead of focussing on 10+2 system, there will be a 5+3+3+4 system. The first five years of the student will be focussed on getting solid fundamental basics. The 3 years further, will be used for exploring various subjects of education.
It is just a change in pedagogy and not change in the curriculum. From Class VI, students can also get access to areas like coding that will be essential for their academic future.
Moreover, sports activities will be treated equally to English or Mathematics.
School students will also get an opportunity to do vocational education programmes under the new policy from the sixth grade. So, a student could be sent to a local carpenter or artisan to understand their work patterns and skill-sets.
Instead of having different regulatory bodies like All India Council for Technical Education, University Grants Commission and other local niche entities, there will be one single higher education regulator.
This includes legal education and medical education as well. There will be an independent board of governors and a graded autonomy system will be launched.