A report by the UN said that out of world’s 142.6 million missing females, India accounts for 45.8 million. As per the release of the State of World Population report 2020 by UNFPA, over the past 50 years, the number of missing females doubled up.
As per an analysis India’s missing female accounts majorly to the gender-biased sex selection. The pre-birth mortality rate for females in India accounts to 2/3 of the total missing girls, while, the post-birth mortality rate is 1/3 of total missing females, the analysis said.
As per the data by experts, upon combining the women missing due to gender-biased sex selection from India and China, the number accounts to 90-95 per-cent of the global missing females annually, reported The Hindu.
India constitutes the postnatal sex selection for their major missing of females. However, the Indian government has now started campaigns to make people aware of the importance of daughters.
Larger Missing Females, Will Lead To ‘Marriage Squeeze’
The data said, during sex selection, prioritizing male child led to a dramatic shift in proportions of men and women.
The report further said that this dramatic shift will directly affect marriages. With fewer females, marriages get postponed, due to unavailability of a spouse for men.
Citing experts, the report further said that this will lead towards child marriages. According to studies done, the marriage squeeze in India expected to happen in 2055.
Marriage Squeeze is where the number of grooms outnumbers brides number.
Many harmful things like child marriage, extreme bias, female genital mutation happen due to preference towards male child over females. UNFPA declared these harmful practices along with total 19 harmful practices, to be a violation of human rights.
The report said that ending child marriage and female genital mutilation worldwide is possible within 10 years by scaling up efforts to keep girls in school longer and teach them life skills and to engage men and boys in social change.
Investments totalling USD 3.4 billion/yr through 2030 would end these two harmful practices, it said, as reported by The Hindu.